of the Holy Spirit
BAPTISM AND GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
is the baptism in the Holy Spirit? Is it relevant to the church
definition: An experience (often subsequent to conversion) in which
the Holy Spirit comes upon an individual believer to give power and
boldness, deepen their Christian walk, enable them to be a more
victorious Christian and the give one of more spiritual gifts
described in the New testament.
(described as Pentecostal,
believe the experience is a separate encounter, for those who are
already Christians, and that the “gifts” continue to
follows is a Pentecostal perspective.
with Power Promised
you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you...”
given to those disciples who obeyed Jesus and waited in the Upper
to all Christians – Acts 2:38, 39;
for every generation – Acts 2:38, 39.
= strength, power, ability)
Acts 4:8-14, 33; 9:17-20;
10:46; Romans 15:19; 1 Corinthians 2:4 (cf Micah 3:8);
power, accompanied in the NT by supernatural manifestations, eg Acts
evidenced in Acts by speaking in other tongues (ie languages the
recipients had not learned). Described as a “baptism”
= dip, submerge, immerse)
times in the New Testament, eg Acts 1:5; Matthew 3:11, 12; Luke
you received the Holy Spirit since you believed? (Acts 19:2)
– John 15::3, 5 & 20:22 with Acts 1:8
– Acts 9:9-17
Christians – Acts 8:15-16
Christians – Acts 19.1-6 (21 years after the Day of Pentecost)
the case of the household of Cornelius (sometimes called the “Gentile
Pentecost”), there was no time lapse between the two events –
in unlearned language/s was the initial sign in Acts (2:4; 10:44-46;
19:1-6). Implied in 8:14-19. Pentecostal Christians believe that
the initial sign of the baptism in the Holy Spirit is always/usually
speaking in tongues.
a clean heart – Acts 2:38; John 14:17
seeking heart – Acts 1:4; Luke 11:13; John 7:37
right attitude, eg unity among believers on the Day of Pentecost -
imparted with the laying on of hands by other Christians –
prayer - Acts 4:31
spontaneous - Acts10:45
- Luke 11:13; Galatians 3:14
prayer – Acts 9:19-17
and submission to the will of God – Acts 5:32
attitude of worship – Luke 24:35; Acts 10:46
“filled with the Spirit” is a singular event. However,
it is not a climax in and of itself.
5:18b refers to being “filled” in the present continuous
tense, ie “be being filled”. In Acts, some people were
referred to as being ”full of the Holy Spirit” - Acts
6:3; 7:55; 11:24. Others received supplementary fillings, eg Acts
BAPTISM IN THE HOLY SPIRIT IS NOT A CLIMAX, FOR ITS OWN SAKE, BUT AN
OPEN DOOR TO THE POWER AND HELP OF THE HOLY SPIRIT, IN THE LIVES OF
THOSE WHO RECEIVE.
GIFTS OF THE SPIRIT
kinds of gifts,
but the same Spirit. There are different
kinds of service,
but the same Lord. There are different
kinds of working,
but the same God works all of them in all men.” (1 Corinthians
General Nature of the Gifts
to distinguish between the gifts and the Giver. The Holy Spirit is
the gift of the Father, through Christ - Acts 2:33.
distributes His gifts (charismata
x 17 times)
according to the mind of God - 1 Corinthians 12:4, 7, 11.
gifts of the Holy Spirit are in place to build up the church
(individually and corporately)
is therefore important that we focus on the giver, and not the
Variety of the Gifts
gifts of the Holy Spirit were common in the early Christian church
and remain valid today. There re is no standard order in which the
Bible lists or characterizes the gifts. Some are described as
“charismatic” or “spiritual gifts” (lit.
“spirituals”, cf nine gifts listed in 1 Corinthians
12:8-10), while others are gifts for service and outreach.
be grouped and classified as:
Word of Wisdom
use of God’s wisdom, to meet particular situations. In the
Bible referred to:
dreams – Acts 7:10
something – Revelation 13:18; 17:9
management of affairs – Acts 6:3,15:13-21
in dealing with those outside of the church – Colossians 4:5
in imparting Christian truth – Colossians 1:28
to live uprightly – James 1:5;3:13, 17
Christ’s cause – Luke 21:12-15; Acts
(even in face of danger)
and applying Scripture – Matthew 13:54; Mark 6:12; Acts 6:10
justice – 1 Kings 3:16-28; John 8:7
in practical matters – Exodus 31:3
– Deuteronomy 34:9
from human wisdom, learning. A “word” (logos) rather
than a skill.
Word of Knowledge
awareness and utterance of facts, not the normal possession of the
knowledge of Nathaniel (John 1:48-50) and the woman at the well -
John 4:17, 18, 29
discernment of sin – Acts 5:1-6
foreknowledge about the shipwreck – Acts 27:10
of things that belong to God – Romans 11:33
imparted intelligence and understanding – Ephesians 3:19
concerning Divine and human duties – Romans 2:20; Colossians
from “saving faith”, or faithfulness (the “fruit”
of the Spirit).
of faith by the Holy Spirit for special circumstances. For example,
faith given by the Holy Spirit for protection in times of danger, or
for divine provision.
exhibited this gift on a number of occasions (probably in conjunction
with other gifts), eg
Elymas with blindness Acts 13:11
Eutychus – Acts 20:12
out demon in Philippi – Acts 16:18
the lame man in Lystra - Acts 14:10
Gifts of Healing
that “gifts” is plural in the Greek text.
ability to apply healings in a number of circumstances, or different
illnesses/afflictions. Does not make men ”healers”- the
focus remains on Jesus Christ.
for attracting people to the Gospel, eg
of lame man at Temple gate in Jerusalem –Acts 3:6
Samaria – Acts 8:6,7;
healing of Aeneas – Acts 9:35;
of Tabitha – Acts 9:40
of Eutychus – Acts 20:12
of father of Publius on Malta – Acts 28:8-10
Workings of Miracles
“works of power”. Distinct from gifts of healings. May
be involved in connection with the conflict between God and Satan, eg
casting out demons. To demonstrate the power of God, the reality of
the Gospel, the pre-eminence of Christ, eg Acts 19:11, 12; 5:12-15.
“Gifts” is plural in the Greek, ie variety of forms or
manifestations of the gift.
inspired utterance (προφητεία
inspired declaration of the purposes of God),
which may involve the future, but also be about current issues, eg
Agabus’ prophecies about Paul – Acts 21:10-11, and a
great famine – Acts 11:27, 28. Not to be confused with the
“office” of prophet (cf Ephesians 4:11, Acts 15:32)
Bible encourages all to seek the gift of prophecy. There is variety
in the expression of the gift, in connection with edification,
exhortation and comfort – 1 Corinthians 14:3. Also for
teaching – 1 Corinthians 14:31. It is a vehicle the Holy
Spirit uses to speak to Christians and to bring people to Christ –
1 Corinthians 14:24. Prophecy must be tested (1 Corinthians 14:29)
but not despised (1 Thessalonians 5:20).
note plural. Bible speaks of three spirits: Spirit of God; spirit of
man; Satan &evil spirits. We are surrounded by angels, evil
spirits, etc. The gift of discernment (διάκρισις
= distinguishing, discerning, judging) is given to help the church
discern between good and evil spirits (implying that such discernment
requires a gift of God).
of this gift in the New Testament include:
to speak in a tongue the user has never learned (may or may not be a
human language, cf Acts 2:6-11; 1 Corinthians 13:1; however in
documented New Testament cases they were usually recognised as
languages, supernaturally enabled nevertheless; the Greek word means
“languages”. 1 Corinthians 13:1 refers to the “tongues
of men and of angels”).
words may be uttered to God alone – 1 Corinthians 14:2; some
may be for the church at large - 1 Corinthians 14:5.
all who speak in tongues are exercising the gift of tongues for the
understandable utterances in other tongues.
meanings: to give a translation; to explain meaning and application.
and interpretation are somewhat equal to prophecy - 1 Corinthians
gifts of the Holy Spirit to the church are diverse. 1 Corinthians
12:28-3 and Romans 12:4-8 identify gifts of the Spirit over and above
those listed in 1 Corinthians 12:8-10, viz.
gifts” are specific offices established by the Holy Spirit in
the church for oversight and leadership (Ephesians 4:8-12).
gifts” are distributed by the Holy Spirit to enable us to serve
with excellence and passion (Romans 12:6-8).
for Receiving the Gifts
to God’s Will, ie what God wants (not demanding, comparing,
ambition - desire spiritual gifts – 1 Corinthians 12:31;
14:1; a godly focus and aim
– some churches emphasize “tarrying”, but the real
issue is faith, knowing it is not us, but the Holy Spirit in us that
– we are not to quench the working of the Holy Spirit (1
Thessalonians 5:19) through negligence or opposition. “Stir
up the gifts” – 2 Timothy 1:6; 4:14.
of the Gifts
have been many excesses during the history of Christianity. The
Corinthian Christians, to whom Paul wrote his first letter, were
exercising gifts without a concern for, or recognition of, the unity
of the Body of Christ. (Some theologians take lessons from the
Corinthian church and apply them broadly to the church, with the aim
of restricting or banning the operation of the gifts.) What rules
does the NT teach?
value – 1 Corinthians14:5-19; a lot depends on the context of
- the purpose of the gifts is to build up people
- “use common sense”
- those exercising gifts are able to control them - 1 Corinthians
– activity in church to be decent & in order. 1
-vv 36, 37
test is not what gifts we have, but whether or not we know we have
them and are humbly and confidently using them as the Holy Spirit
intended (1 Peter 4:10).
gifts need to be tested, because false manifestations occur >
Satan counterfeits the genuine work of God – Matthew 7:23; 2
Thessalonians 2:9; 1 John 4:1.
of the gifts can be imitated eg “faith” healers; speaking
in tongues in Innuit communities; false prophecies (in Christ’s
name), witchdoctors casting out demons. However, also need to ensure
“testing” is not based on misunderstanding of the gifts,
fear or interpersonal issues.
to Christ - an evidence that the person using the gift is doing so
under the Holy Spirit’s influence. Jesus will be the focus
and the desire will be to glorify Him;
practical test - look for the evidence/fruit/consistency in the life
of the user;
doctrinal test - no manifestation will contradict the Scriptures.